SP 3 - Modelling soil erosion and related organic carbon transport

Continuous erosion leads to a massive loss of topsoils including the loss of organic carbon, which causes a progressive decrease of natural soil fertility. Consequently the ability of soils to accumulate organic carbon is reduced proportionately to the drop in soil productivity. Transported sediments and organic carbon will partly be accumulated in or enter surface water bodies and might be deposited in the riparian zones of the drainage system. In relation to the land use types and land use options, soil erosion will be modeled with EROSION-3D, to identify critical soil degradation areas (humus loss), off-site erosion problems and effects of land use options in order to minimize them.